"Cyber-Eco" Term in Contemporary Architecture
Published Apr 14, 2021
Civilization can be seen as the last 10,000-year structure of a genus of “habitat producers” called Homo sapiens. All species on the planet, and especially habitat producers, have an impact on the environment. No species is unthinkable from the environment. Species are part of the biosphere with interdependent cause and effect relationships. The ecological aspect of civilization has been to change the environment. With these anthropogenic changes, the Earth is approaching the “Silent Spring” where the birds mentioned by Rachel Carson are not heard.
The perspective of civilization expanded with technological advances. Cities are treated with a bird's-eye view of the aircraft. In the same way, the planet is discussed with the framework viewed from space. This new global view is a cultural perspective and this perspective embraces the whole of the biosphere as a complex, interconnected habitat that is subject to anthropogenic pressures. These human-made effects on a global scale have led to the articulation of sustainability in architecture. Sustainable architectural design issues are naturally multidimensional, interrelated, and complex. Existing urban tissue is often described as unsustainable propagation.
The transition to sustainability is also a transition from our cultural perspective. Since the Industrial Era, the socio-cultural perspective is closely related to advances in human technology. This new planet-wide perspective of Space Age technology constitutes a cultural reference framework that fuses a new global perspective of the biosphere. This broad and holistic perspective radically redefines the foundation of progress. It is understood that abundant and unlimited resources are limited resources that need to be managed.
Everything in the ecosystem is based on balance. All species are in a direct or indirect relationship with each other and balance with each other and the planet. According to scientists, the World is 4.54 billion years old. The world is changing and will continue to change. Although human beings are a new species on this planet, its effects are visible. With the anthropogenic effect of man, a new layer has been formed on Earth. Looking at the planet from the space at night, this layer can be seen more comfortably. With the illumination of human-made linear roads and urban structures shaped around it, the Earth turns into a living organism at night. This layer has not actually been created from nothing, and building materials derived from the transformation of fossilized beings have been used. Limestone is a good example. It is possible to find traces of ancient life in limestone monuments.
Nature, according to modern thought as raw material and application information; in the environmental model, it is seen as interrelated, uncomplicated complex systems. Therefore, ecosystem science is cyclical rather than linear science. According to ecosystem theory, there is continuity and cohesion, not a contradiction, between normal and pathological, as opposed to positivist science. Very generally, the idea of an ecosystem is the unity of parts that constitute an interactive whole.
The ecosystem is the general name of ecological systems, open systems, and cybernetic systems that can be examined under two main headings. In order to maintain their functionality in the open system, some inputs are continuously received from outside, they are changed within the system, and output is produced. The cybernetic system is a self-regulated system, it is self-monitoring, and other mechanisms are involved when there is any deviation. Cybernetics is a condition that arises from the desire of man to remain in nature and to be permanent.
The concept of ecological architecture includes the subjects of being compatible with nature and producing structures that do not harm nature. But this process has now entered an irreversible path. There is a significant reduction in the world's resources, aging, and a new human-made layer that we cannot ignore. After this process, the concept of balance with nature rather than harmony with nature should gain importance. The artificial layer formed should balance with nature and become a self- regulated system. The cyber-eco concept derives from cybernetic systems and ecology. Cyber-eco expresses the balance of architecture and nature. This is the definition of the human habitat and the symbiotic relationship to the natural habitat. Therefore, cyber-eco is the acceptance of human influence on the planet and a deal with nature.
This text was produced within the context of “Context Of Theory-Practice On Architectural Design” Lesson which has code 6391311 given by Assoc. Prof. Adnan Aksu at Gazi University, Institute of Science and Technology, Department of Architecture.
Eskişehir Osmangazi University, Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, Architecture Department,
Gazi University, Institute of Science and Technology, Department of Architecture, 2017-in progress